The Psychology of Colour Harmony - How Colours Affect Our Emotions

Sumeet Shroff
Sumeet Shroff
The Psychology of Colour Harmony - How Colours Affect Our Emotions
September 15, 2023

Howdy, everybody! I'm a skilled web designer named Sumeet Shroff. I love the task of making websites that look good and make people feel something. I'd like to talk in more depth about something that has always interested me: how our minds work with colour balance. For building successful websites, you need to know how colours affect the minds of your target audience.

People are biologically wired to respond to different colours. They change how we feel, what we remember, and what we decide to do. The success or failure of a website depends on how well the creator knows how to use colour. In this in-depth lesson, I'll show you how different colours can make you feel different things and how to use them to your advantage in web design. I'll also talk about the psychology of colour balance.

The Basics of Color Psychology

Before we talk about colour balance, let's talk about some basics of colour theory. It is important to know how colours are seen and how they often make people feel.

Red: The Color of Passion and Energy

Red is a colour that stands out. It makes you think of passion, energy, and excitement. It can also be used to warn or tell someone to hurry. Red can create a sense of urgency or draw attention to important parts of a web page, like call-to-action buttons, but it needs to be used rarely and smartly to do so.

Blue: The Calm and Trustworthy Hue

People often link the colour blue with calm, reliability, and trust. It's not surprising that names for many banks and IT companies are blue. If you use shades of blue on your website, people might feel calm and safe.

Yellow: The Color of Optimism

People think of happiness and hope when they see the colour yellow. It's a bright colour that stands out and makes people happy. Too much yellow, on the other hand, can be overwhelming or even make people feel scared, so it's best to use it rarely.

Green: A Symbol of Nature and Growth

The colour green makes people think of new life, the outdoors, and growth. It happens a lot on sites about health and fitness, as well as sites about the environment. When used in the right way, the colour green can make people feel calm and peaceful.

Purple: Royalty and Creativity

In the past, the colour purple has been associated with wealth, originality, and even royalty. It's a classy colour that might also make you think. Purple is often used in fields that want to show that they are unique and sophisticated.

Orange: Energetic and Friendly

Orange is a warm, friendly colour that makes people feel happy and excited. It can be used to make the look of a website more fun and interesting.

Black and White: Timeless Elegance

Black and white are classic and beautiful, and they can make you feel like things are simple. If these colours are used right, they can give a website a beautiful and professional look.

Color Harmony in Web Design

Now that we've talked about how different colours make us feel, let's talk about how they work together. The goal of colour balance is to create a piece that is both beautiful and makes you feel something. By following these rules, you can make sure that the colours on your website look good together.

1. The Color Wheel

Students of art and design have been using the colour wheel for a long time. Red, blue, and yellow are the primary colours. Green, orange, and purple are the secondary colours, and tertiary colours are made by mixing two nearby secondary colours. Using the colour wheel, you can put together colour schemes that look good and work well together.

Complementary Colors

Simply put, complementary colours are those that are opposite each other on the colour wheel. When they are put together, they make a striking difference that helps draw attention to certain parts. Some colour pairings, such as green and blue or orange and red, can be quite shocking.

Analogous Colors

On the colour wheel, colours that are alike are next to each other. They help everyone get along and work together in peace. In web design, using colours that are similar to each other can help make a design that looks good and flows well.

Triadic Colors

To make a triadic colour scheme, pick three colours that are directly across from each other on the colour wheel. This gives it a look that is lively and interesting. But triadic colours shouldn't be used too much so they don't overwhelm the viewer.

2. The 60-30-10 Rule

The 60-30-10 rule is a way to make sure that colours in a design work well together. It says that you should use a dominant colour for up to 60% of the design, a secondary colour for 30%, and an accent colour for the last 10%. By following this rule, you can help make sure that the end result is symmetrical and looks good.

3. Consider Cultural and Contextual Factors

In addition to the broad suggestions made by colour psychology, cultural and environmental factors should be taken into account when making a website. Different cultures have different ideas about what colours mean and how they are linked. You should also think about the website's surroundings and who you want to visit it when you choose colours.

Using Color Harmony in Web Design

Now that we know a lot about colour psychology and the rules of colour harmony, we can dive into how to use these things in web design.

1. Establish a Clear Brand Identity

The colours on your website should show what your brand stands for. Think about what you want your audience to feel and what you want them to believe. Do you want to seem reliable and professional, or do you want to seem cool and fun? The colour scheme you choose should match the brand's personality.

2. Create a Visual Hierarchy

You can use colour to set up a visual order on your site. For example, you should use bright, clashing colours for headlines and "Call to Action" buttons. To create a sense of balance and unity, you should only use soft colours for background elements.

3. Enhance User Experience

Using the right colour choices can make the user's experience much better. For example, using colour to highlight the current step in a multi-step process or to point out mistakes in form areas can help users and keep them from getting confused.

4. Test and Iterate

Try out different colour choices and pay attention to what customers say. With A/B testing, you can find out which colour schemes work best with the people you want to reach. It's important to be willing to change your style based on what people say.

Case Studies: Effective Use of Color Harmony

Some examples of colour harmony in the real world Let's take a look at some real websites that use colour balance well to make people feel something:

1. Airbnb

Blue is the main colour on the Airbnb website, which has a calm colour scheme. This choice fits with the picture they want to show of being trustworthy and reliable. Red call-to-action buttons that stand out against the background tell users what they should do.

2. Spotify

Spotify has a lively colour design with many different shades of green, black, and purple. This approach shows how committed the brand is to offering a wide range of songs. For a more complete experience, the colours change to match the record labels.

3. Apple

Apple's website is a study in modest beauty, using mostly black, white, and grey. They care a lot about design and making new products, and this simple method shows that.

How advertisers and marketers employ colour combinations to appeal to consumers' feelings

1. Complementary Colors:

Emotional Response:

Marketing Application:

2. Analogous Colors:

Emotional Response:

Marketing Application:

3. Monochromatic Colors:

Emotional Response:

Marketing Application:

4. Triadic Colors:

Emotional Response:

Marketing Application:

5. Split-Complementary Colors:

Emotional Response:

Marketing Application:

6. Warm vs. Cool Colors:

Emotional Response:

Marketing Application:

7. Cultural Considerations:


Colour is a powerful tool in web design because it can make people feel something, give a brand a personality, and improve the user experience. Web creators who take the time to learn about colour theory and colour balance may be able to make websites that work better.

Latest Blogs

The Psychology of Colour Harmony - How Colours Affect Our Emotions

Boost Your Sales Online

Turn visitors into customers with a blazing fast website that drives sales. Let's grow your online business.

© 2023 · Built with Gatsby All rights reserved | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use