The Basic Elements of Design

By Sumeet Shroff
Last Updated On : October 3, 2022
The Basic Elements of Design

You need to know the basic elements of design if you want to make things that look good together. When we look at a piece of design, we see how it is put together. Layout is more than just making things look nice; it also sends a message. Design is the process of putting together basic parts into a whole that makes sense and sends a message. You'll need these parts of your plan to put it together. The rules of design let you put these things together in any way you want. You can better organise the page's main parts by following these rules. In this introductory piece, we'll look at seven basic design concepts that will help you make better content and communicate visually. Be sure to read all of these essays on design principles so you can arrange the basic design elements we study today.

Elements in design

Design elements are essential for making a finished product, just like the parts of a dish. These basics are needed to make any visual art or design. How well a design works depends on how well all its parts work together. Each part adds to the design's meaning as a whole. Depending on your purpose, you may apply only one or a combination of these strategies. The main elements are:

  • Line
  • Colour
  • Shape
  • Form
  • Value
  • Space
  • Texture

If you understand these ideas, you'll be able to look at your designs and those of other people and figure out how they work. It's a chance to look at the inner workings of design on a tiny scale. Let's take each part apart to see how it fits together and figure out how to use it best.

4 Design Elements

It's important to remember the four rules of design when making a costume. Without taking space, line, colour, and shape into account, the final costumes will be boring and fail to grab the audience's attention. Mix and match the four pieces in different ways to make an impressive outfit.


The empty area between geometric shapes is called "space." This includes the shape of the actor, the shape of the costume, and the distance between the actor in the costume and props, the background, or other performers.


The word "line" is used to describe many different parts of a costume, such as its shape, padding, and seams. By changing a line's thickness, direction, length, and other physical properties, you can make it look in a lot of different ways.


Colour is the one thing that stands out the most and is the most important part of any design. Changing how dark, light or bright a colour is can have many different effects on a costume and the person who wears it. Colour can be used to get people's attention by either blending in with the background or standing out against it.

Shape and Form

Most of the time, "shape" is used to talk about a two-dimensional part of a costume, while "form" is used to talk about a three-dimensional part. Rectangles and squares give the impression of stability, while triangles and other asymmetrical shapes give the impression of tension. Shapes and forms can also be seen in the silhouette and body of a person.

Elements of design art

Design aesthetics are essential to the invention process. We express ourselves and share information by using visual language. Because of this, the pictures people post on DeviantArt always amaze me. You don't have to build anything with them to see how they work or show something. This makes me want to keep working hard on my own goals. Below are some examples: Bored Panda: Ears that point forward (Inspired by a photograph), Boring Panda's Square Pixels (Based on a picture I took myself). I think it's great that people come to this site to talk about their art, and I hope this page will encourage people to share their art with the rest of the DeviantArt community. So, if you're worried that I'll start putting all of my art on DeviantArt, you can rest easy knowing that you have nothing to worry about.

9 Elements of design

1. Line

The first and most crucial part of any design is the line. In art, a line is the stroke of a pen or pencil. In graphic design, however, it can be any two points close to each other. You can use lines to divide spaces and attract the viewer's attention to specific elements. Consider how a magazine uses lines to divide the various sections of an article.

2. Colour

When it comes to design, both users and designers notice colour right away. It can be used independently or as the background for something else. Colour contributes to the article's tone and provides information about the company. Even more, you can make changes to what different colour palettes mean.

3. Shape

Both geometric and organic shapes are pleasing to the eye. Shapes have their own identities because of their edges, which can be lines or colours. Edges are often used to draw attention to certain parts of a page. Since everything is a shape, you should always think about how the different parts of your design make shapes and how those shapes interact.

4. Space

Negative space is one of your most undervalued and misunderstood tools as a designer. Empty spaces on a website, whether white or another colour, add to the whole. Use space as much as you would any other part of a shape when you're making it. This article is for you if you want to learn words like "negative space" used in the design.

5. Texture

Even if the piece is never touched, you should still think about how it feels. In fields like web design and graphic designers art, the way texture looks and feels on the screen is very important. You can add textures to this surface to make it appear more three-dimensional. This helps to make the setting seem more real.

6. Typography

Typography is one of the essential parts of both print and digital media. Readers can tell from the fonts you use if your website is a serious online news magazine, a fun food blog, or a shop for old tea tins. They can also tell from how you use colour, texture, and shape. Not just the words themselves, but also their printed form, are crucial.

7. Scale (Size)

Changing the sizes of your objects, shapes, and typefaces about each other can create visual tension and draw attention to specific details. Consider how monotonous a website would be if everything was the same size. Very. Tone and style will differ in some ways, depending mainly on the content. Variations that aren't too noticeable work well with serious topics, while more noticeable ones are better for artistic projects.

8. Dominance and Emphasis

When something stands out in stark contrast to something else, we say it has emphasis. A contrast that is both interesting and draws attention to a specific part.

9. Balance

Different theories of equilibrium are based on symmetry and asymmetry. Even though creative people like asymmetry much more than symmetry, symmetry is still helpful in some situations. Sometimes.


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