How to Set Up File Uploads in Laravel

By Sumeet Shroff
Last Updated On : March 4, 2023
How to Set Up File Uploads in Laravel

In Laravel, we can store files in a variety of locations, including local disk, Amazon S3, FTP, and more. Laravel's powerful file system abstraction layer allows us to work with files without worrying about their physical storage locations. The Storage facade provides a unified interface for working with files in Laravel. To get started, we need to configure the file systems in Laravel. In Laravel, file systems are defined in the config/filesystems.php configuration file. By default, Laravel uses the local disk driver, which stores files in the storage/app directory of our application. We can define additional file systems in the configuration file using a disk name and a driver.

Steps To Upload A File In Laravel

1. Configuring File Systems

As mentioned earlier, Laravel file systems are defined in the config/filesystems.php configuration file. Here we can add disks, which are logical partitions of our file system. We can configure different drivers for different disks, such as local, s3, ftp, or custom drivers. Laravel supports a variety of drivers out of the box. To configure a disk, we need to define a disk name and specify its driver. Here's an example:

'disks' => [
    'local' => [
        'driver' => 'local',
        'root' => storage_path('app'),
    ],
    's3' => [
        'driver' => 's3',
        'key' => env('S3_KEY'),
        'secret' => env('S3_SECRET'),
        'region' => env('S3_REGION'),
        'bucket' => env('S3_BUCKET'),
    ],
    // ...
],


In the above example, we've defined two disks - local and s3. The local disk uses the local driver and stores files in the storage/app directory, while the s3 disk uses the s3 driver and stores files in an Amazon S3 bucket.

2. Working with Files

Once we've configured the file systems, we can use the Storage facade to work with files. The Storage facade provides a set of methods for performing common file system operations such as creating, reading, updating, and deleting files. Here's an example of how to store a file using the Storage facade:

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Storage;
Storage::disk('s3')->put('file.jpg', $contents);

In the above example, we've used the put method of the Storage facade to store a file named "file.jpg" in the "s3" disk. The contents of the file are passed as the second argument to the put method. Similarly, we can retrieve a file from a disk using the get method:

$contents = Storage::disk('s3')->get('file.jpg');

This will retrieve the contents of the file "file.jpg" from the "s3" disk. We can also check if a file exists using the exists method:

if (Storage::disk('s3')->exists('file.jpg')) {
    // do something
}

Finally, we can delete a file using the delete method:

Storage::disk('s3')->delete('file.jpg');

This will delete the file "file.jpg" from the "s3" disk.

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